A gynecological ultrasound is a noninvasive, painless imaging test that employs sound waves to create images of internal reproductive structures such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus. This test can be used to diagnose an array of gynecological issues.

Overall there are two main types of gynecological ultrasounds are used: abdominal and transvaginal. Read on to learn more about these different techniques.

Abdominal Gynecological Ultrasound

An abdominal ultrasound is performed using a probe placed on your abdomen to approximate the position of the uterus. During this test, you will be asked to lay down on a table. Gel will be applied to your stomach and a transducer will be placed against your lower abdomen to project sound waves through the muscle into the body so an image can be formed on an ultrasound monitor. The ultrasound technician will be behind you and can see a composite image of your uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries and a separate picture of each ovary on the monitor.

Transvaginal Gynecological Ultrasound

During a transvaginal ultrasound you will be asked to lie on a table and a small amount of gel will be applied to the end of a transducer probe, which is inserted into your vagina. The probe may be moved slightly to allow for pictures of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. This test can show abnormal structures or growth in the pelvic area and can also be used to confirm or monitor pregnancy.

Which Test is Right for You?

An abdominal ultrasound is used to view a pregnancy. A transvaginal ultrasound is more in depth, and may be needed to diagnose conditions causing unwanted symptoms such as abnormal bleeding or pelvic pain. These tests can also provide further information about abnormalities found during a pelvic exam or to monitor a pregnancy.

Contact Us Today

If you are interested in learning more about our gynecological ultrasound services, please contact our office today to schedule a consultation with Dr. Tepper.


Whether you are a new or returning patient, Dr. Tepper can assess your concerns and discuss your options to find the most comfortable and convenient care for you. To get started, call our office to set up an appointment.