Infertility is a mental, emotional, and physical struggle that many people go through. It is a life-changing event that affects the couples who suffer from it. As such, it is important to understand what infertility is, tests done to diagnose it, and what to do after receiving the diagnosis.

What is Infertility?

Infertility is defined as the inability to become pregnant after one year of trying or being unable to carry a pregnancy to term. It can happen at any age and affects people regardless of race, gender, or relationship status. Infertility is caused by a combination of factors affecting either the woman or the man. Although there are several possible causes for infertility, many women experience it for reasons that have nothing to do with their reproductive systems. For example, some women experience infertility because of problems with their hormones, the immune system, the uterus, or the ovaries. Other factors may include genetics and heavy smoking.

Tests to Diagnose Infertility

There are many different tests that are done to identify the cause of infertility and deal with it appropriately. Some of these tests include:

Blood Tests

A regular blood test is done to measure your fertility hormones and the amount of chemicals in the bloodstream. A woman goes through this test by having a blood sample drawn from her arm.


An ultrasound scan can be done to examine the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes to see what may be blocking the sperm from reaching the egg.


A laparoscopy is a surgery performed to examine your uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. This method determines whether you have a problem that could prevent you from being pregnant.


An X-ray may be taken to determine if you have any issues with your fallopian tubes. The doctor will send the X-rays to a radiologist to determine if there is any damage or abnormalities.

Semen Analysis

For men, a semen analysis is done to examine the sperm count, shape of the sperm, and the percentage of sperm that are moving in a forward direction.

Chlamydia Test

A chlamydia test is done to determine if the woman has chlamydia. This STI is underdiagnosed in women and a cause of infertility.

What to Do After Diagnosis

There are a few things that you can do when you have been diagnosed with infertility. The first step is to accept the diagnosis and that it is not your fault.

You can then decide between either waiting and trying naturally for one year or pursuing a treatment. If you choose to try to conceive naturally, it may be helpful to talk with an infertility counselor or therapist who can help you cope with the stress of infertility while trying to conceive.

It can also be helpful to find a support network for you and your partner to talk through these feelings and help each other cope.

Schedule an Appointment

If you have any questions regarding infertility or would like to have a test done, please get in touch with Dr. Alex Tepper, MD, FACOG, at 212-828-0900. Dr. Tepper is an expert OB-GYN with an experience of over 20 years who specializes in pregnancy and reproductive health. You can schedule an appointment with us by filling out the online contact form.


Whether you are a new or returning patient, Dr. Tepper can assess your concerns and discuss your options to find the most comfortable and convenient care for you. To get started, call our office to set up an appointment.